Health and Safety Management Practices by Building Contractors in the Ashanti Region

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Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) encompass the social, mental and physical well-being of workers, and for that matter the “whole person”. In the world at large, more people die at work than in wars (ILO, 2004). Health and safety management in the building industry in Ghana is of major concern to stakeholders and government. The aim of the study is to assess the level of Health and Safety Management practices of selected Building Contractors in Ashanti Region. Specific objectives include; document the pre-requisite conditions that support the operation of a Health and Safety Management system, document the current practices of selected construction firms in Occupational Health and Safety Management, identify the barriers to the operation of Occupational Health and Safety Management system in Ashanti Region and recommend measures to improve the operation of occupational health and safety management systems on construction sites The research methodology was carried out over three phases. In the preliminary phase, background information on occupational health and safety were gathered from literature. This helped to capture key issues that helped in developing the questionnaire in the second phase. The third phase of the research methodology focused on the analysis of data collected, using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS V. 16). The findings revealed that there exist formal health and safety programmes for employees on construction sites. The results also showed not much difference in the views of site managers and site operatives on how frequent health and safety trainings were organized on site. The research made recommendations to further improve Health and Safety management.
A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Building Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Master of Science in Construction Management,