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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11794

Title: Comparative Study of the Impact of Climate Variability on Prevalence of Urinary Schistosomiasis: Cases at Sunyani Regional Hospital and among School Children in Atronie, Sunyani
Authors: Tay, S.C.K.
Amekudzi, L.K.
Tagoe, G.
Keywords: Tropical disease
Schistosomiasis haematobium
climate variability
Issue Date: 20-Nov-2011
Publisher: Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering
Citation: Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering Volume 5, Number 11, November 2011 (Serial Number 48)
Abstract: A study has been conducted to determine the impact of climate variability on Schistosoma haematobium infection among patients and school children in Sunyani between 2006 and 2009. Urine samples from the subjects were collected and examined in the laboratory using the Filteration technique for the detection and quantification of Schistosoma haematobium eggs. The prevalence rate of urinary schistosomiasis at the Sunyani Regional Hospital for 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 were found to be 0.24%, 0.55%, 0.55% and 0.75% respectively while that for Methodist Junior High School in 2008 and 2009 were 60.1% and 60.3% respectively. A decrease in the relative humidity and average annual rainfall were identified as factors contributory to the increase in urinary schistosomiasis prevalence rate. The temperature values obtained throughout the study period did not have any significant effect on the prevalence rate. The temperature values, however, were those that enhanced cercarial incubation (15-35 °C) with a resultant increase in shedding of cercariae leading to more infections among water contacts. The infection rate due to the stream Amama was 20.1%, while that due to river Tano was 36.6%. The highest risk group was children aged 15-19 years. Praziquantel was administered to treat the infection, producing a cure rate of 93%. Recognition of urinary schistosomiasis as a public health problem in Ghana is the main challenge to prevention and control of the disease.
Description: An article published by Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11794
ISSN: 1934-8932 (hard copy)
1934-8940 (online)
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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