Solid waste collection and willingness to pay for better service in Tema, Ghana

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The underlying rational for the study was to develop a conceptual statistical model upon which social, economical and environmental factors can be combined to deduce a workable and suitable Solid Waste Management strategy. The study yielded useful results that made it possible to elicit the willingness of individuals to pay for improved solid waste collection services. Approximately 51.6% of the respondents expressed willingness to pay for improved solid waste management. On the average, majority of the participants indicated a response to pay a premium reflecting the current service charges of the Tema municipal Assembly, between (3-5 cedis) monthly. As it is expected, respondents’ Willingness To Pay was skewed towards individuals earning between 950-1500 cedis. Furthermore, individuals who indicated a satisfactory response to the current frequency of waste collection were all willing to pay and vice versa. Education is also seen as a variable which can affect people’s WTP; consequently, people in the highest quartile of the education category were more (58.1%) predisposed to paying for better waste management than their counterparts who are less educated. Though on the whole, factors such as education, current salary, owning a waste bin and general socioeconomic status affected willingness to pay. An analysis with the Wald Criterion demonstrated that four main variables used in the study affected WTP significantly: These are; current frequency of collection, preferred frequency of collection, age and educational background.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Msc Degree in Environmental Science