Waste disposable methods and challenges among households in selected communities within the Kumasi metropolis
Background: Poor waste management remains a major obstacle to many developing countries including Ghana. One of the major environmental problems in Kumasi Metropolis is poor waste management which impede one‟s health. Waste management Department of the Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly and Zoomlion Ghana Limited are usually responsible for waste management in the Metropolis but have challenges to provide an effective and efficient services to the households due insufficient funding and with this, households face many challenges when disposal of waste. It is therefore indisputable the fact that for households to safeguard, control and promote the environment there must be some facilities responsible for waste management. Objectives: To assess waste disposable methods and challenges among households in selected communities within the Kumasi Metropolis. Methods: Case study design and Cross-sectional design was adopted for this study. The sample size of 308 households was estimated for collection of quantitative and qualitative data for this study. Results: All respondents in the three selected communities used house-to-house solid waste collection as their major method of waste disposal as compare to the use of central communal containers. It was recorded that over 70% of the households used house-to-house method of waste collection with less than 30% of the households using central communal containers as a means of disposing their waste due to limited disposing facilities. 78% Households in the selected communities revealed the challenges they faced which includes delay in waste collection, absence of sensitization of the public on issues of management of solid waste, inadequate refuse containers, lack of households‟ awareness on reducing, recycling and sorting of waste, poor attitude of households towards waste handling and ineffective waste management laws. Also over 50% of the respondents bemoaned that the fees charge for disposal of waste was high. Conclusion: The preference of house-to-house solid waste collection to the use of central communal containers as a means of disposing waste was attributed to the fact that house-tohouse waste collectors are experts. Again the patronage of house-to-house service to central communal containers waste collection by households was due to the same amount charge for disposing of waste on daily basis. Moreover, there was a lot of pressure on the central communal containers whidh has lead to improper waste disposal. This confirms the difficulties households face in attempt to dispose of waste.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Health Education, Promotion and Disability, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Public Health in Health Promotion and Education
Waste disposable, Challenges, Households, Kumasi