Important Determinants of Sexual and Reproductive Health of Female Adolescent and Youth in Ghana

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This study documents key indicators of sexual and reproductive health among female adolescent and youth age between 15-24 in Ghana and examine factors a ecting them. This study aimed at the following objectives: examine the associ- ation between various socio-economic characteristics and key indicators of female adolescent childbearing. The application of logistic regression on the use of con- traception on Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS), 2008 data was used for the analysis. Multiple logistic regression was the main statistical tool employed through this study. In our ndings, women's educational level had a strong in uence on the odds of adolescent childbirth. The adjusted odds of begin- ning child bearing before age 20 are roughly 54 percent lower among women who have primary education compared with women with secondary education. This study also shows low rates of ever use contraceptives among female adolescent and youth in Ghana with the key indicator of sexual and reproductive health of female adolescent and youth vary substantially among adolescent according to their background characteristics. The main determinants that in uence adoles- cent and youth to ever use contraceptives were discovered to be educational level, ethnic group, recent sexual activity and wealth index which were found to be signi cant by the wald test statistics indicate signi cant. Signi cant determinant such as adolescent and youth level of education, recent sexual activity and wealth index should be considered as determinant that contribute to early childbearing in Ghana.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Mathematics,Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of M.Phil Mathematical Statistics.