Assessing the Quality of Honey in the Tema Metropolis of Ghana

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JUNE, 2018
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Honey, a valuable commodity accepted and used worldwide, is vulnerable to adulteration. Currently, very little information on the quality of honey have been reported in the country. The study seeks to reveal the physicochemical properties, such as viscosity, moisture, fructose, glucose and sucrose contents of honey in the Tema metropolis of Ghana and compare them to the maximum and minimum limits set by Codex and EU standards. In all 20 samples were analysed for their viscosity, moisture, sum of fructose and glucose and sucrose contents using standard methods. From the study, the mean values of moisture content, sum of fructose and glucose content, sucrose content and viscosity were 17.28%, 67.44%, 6.39% and 6,575.89cP respectively. This reveals that the mean values for moisture content and sum of fructose and glucose content were within the acceptable limits of 20% maximum and 60% minimum respectively of Codex and EU standards. However, the mean value of sucrose content exceeded the maximum limit of 5% set by Codex and EU standards. The study showed that the moisture content was inversely proportional to the viscosity of samples investigated.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Science, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Food Quality Management.