Prevalence of hypertension, dyslipidaemia and retinopathy among diabetic patients attending diabetes clinic at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital

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To determine the prevalence of hypertension, dyslipidaemia and retinopathy among diabetic patients, blood levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, high and low density lipoproteins, glycosylated haemoglobin, fasting blood sugar, potassium and sodium were estimated. Also blood pressure, body mass index and ophthalmologic examination for retinopathy were done on the patients. These were about 152 previously diagnosed diabetic patients (both type I and type II) who attend Diabetic Clinic at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi. The controls for this study were made up of 111 healthy adults. The prevalence of hypertension among the diabetic patients was 37%. About 5.2% was found to have diabetic retinopathy. Dyslipidaemia was also encountered. 14.5% had raised total cholesterol, 12% had raised triglycerides. Abnormalities of HDL and LDL were common. 73% had low HDL whilst 34% had high LDL. These results have implications for future cardiovascular risk in Ghanaian diabetic patients.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Master of Science degree in Clinical Biochemisty, 2002