Landfill sites management challenges: The perceived effect and willingness on the part of the people in the ga east and south municipalities to pay for improvement

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The purpose of the study was to look at the extent of landfill sites management challenges, perceive effects and the willingness on the part of the people living in the Ga East and South Municipalities to pay for the problem to be addressed without Government intervention. The Ga East and South municipalities have a stone quarry site which has served to aid development of Accra Metropolis and the construction of Accra-Cape Coast road. These activities created a stretch of hole which later was filled with rain water which acted as breeding grounds for mosquitoes, which transmit, among other diseases, such as malaria and also served as a death trap for children and people who were not familiar with the place. A sample of 380 respondents was drawn from a combined population of households from Ga East and South Municipalities for the study. The researcher employed both descriptive statistics and the contingency valuation method (CVM) to analyse the data collected from the field. The analysis of the data brought out the following findings: There is an incidence of indiscriminate dumping of refuse by both residents and drivers of private waste contractors that come to dump refuse at the landfill sites. Due to the location of the landfill sites in the communities there was high prevalence of infectious and sanitation related diseases like malaria, cholera, diarrhoea, typhoid fever among others and also un-aesthetic appearance, leachate from waste, odour, rodents and flies which make the environment unpleasant for the people living there. The findings indicate that those that are directly affected by the landfill sites were more likely to be willing to pay to address the problem posed by the landfill sites without Government intervention.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Planning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Kumasi In Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science on October.