Performance of the CMAM Program In Kumasi Metropolis (2015-2018).

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Children of ages 6-59 months form a large percentage of the world population, and one of the major causes of death in this age group is malnutrition. In Ghana, different interventions are put in place to manage childhood malnutrition. Amongst the interventions is Community Based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM). In Kumasi, the CMAM program was instituted in most hospitals in the Metropolis, but unfortunately the program collapsed in most of the hospitals that undertook it. There has not been much data on the performance of the CMAM program in the Kumasi Metropolis, this study used a cross sectional study to assess the secondary data of malnourished children who had been on the CMAM program in 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018. A total of 134 records (for each year) of malnourished children were randomly sampled, demographic characteristics, anthropometric characteristics both during and after admission were assessed for the outcome treatment (cured, defaulted and death). Out of the 134 records selected for each year, children aged 6-12 moths were majority (82, 77, 73, and 81 respectively for 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018) on the program. Majority recovered (64.5%, 75.4%, 65.2% and 88.4% for 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively), whilst quite a number defaulted (35.5%, 24.6%, 34.8% and 11.6% for 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively) none died while on the program. The default rate calls for an attention since the percentages cannot easily be over- looked. In addition, the feeding materials like the Ready to Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTFs) for the program should be made constantly available for smooth running of the program.
A dissertation submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi In partial fulfillment of requirements for the award of master of Public Health (Mph) degree In Health Education and Promotion.
Children, CMAM, Kumasi