Terminal evaluation of Plan Ghana Water and Sanitation Project

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Terminal Evaluation (also called project completion report or final evaluation) is the assessment of the development of a project just at the end of implementation. Here, lessons are drawn to the improved subsequent programme implementations. Very few of the NGOs operating in Ghana involved in the provision safe drinking water and improved sanitation facilities for beneficiary communities undertake such evaluations and Plan Ghana (a subsidiary of Plan International-a child-centered inter-national humanitarian organization) is amongst these few. Programme implementation in the water and sanitation sector by any organisation in Ghana must conform to the National Policy on Rural Water and Sanitation Strategy. Minimum Evaluation Procedure (IVIEP) for data collection and SPSS software for data analysis were used to evaluate a just-ended European Union (EU) sponsored Water and Sanitation (WATSAN) Programme by Plan Ghana in the Asesewa Programme Area in the Eastern Region of Ghana. With significant outputs achieved, (example: 39 of out of 56 BHs projected, 119 VIP latrines constructed, capacity of (WATSAN) committee members and beneficiaries built etc.), the programme has been quite efficient with over 70% of the projected output achieved. Relevant measures and institutions to ensure sustainability had been established. Significant knowledge of management and personal hygiene were observed. Notwithstanding these achievements, coverage for sanitation was low (max. 13%) due to zero replicability. Inadequate accessibility to water points (BHs) and lack of spare parts shop poses remained potential threats to sustainability. In this research, recommendations have been made to sensitize beneficiary communities on the concept of pay-as-you-fetch approach in raising funds for O&M, redefine the term “a community” in the study area and establish effective monitoring and evaluation system for the POs involved in the provision of technical support to the communities in the programme area.
A Thesis submitted to The Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfillment of the award of the Degree of Master of Science in Water and Environmental Sanitation, 2004