Access and utilization of family planning services among males in the Ga-East municipality of the Greater Accra Region of Ghana

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Family planning is a voluntary prevention of pregnancy and it entails the interruption of a chain of events that leads to conception. Family planning has been an age long practice, mostly among women. Although men are also included in the utilization of family planning services, practically, most men do not utilize the service. It is important to note that, increase in the usage of the service by men will help guard against unwanted pregnancy, improve child spacing and prevent sexually transmitted infections including HIV by using the appropriate contraceptive. Men’s support and commitment to the utilization of family planning is of importance in Africa. This is because of its contribution to the achievement of the millennium development goals (MDG) 5 and 6, which is to improve maternal health, by preventing both maternal and child mortality and also to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases. The study was done in all the four (4) sub-districts in the Ga East District. The topic for the study is access and utilization of family planning among males in the Ga East Municipality. The study design was descriptive cross-sectional. The Sample size was 120 males with ages between 19-59 years. In addition, views about utilization of family planning among men from twenty (20) service providers were obtained to support the study. Interview was the data collection method used and questionnaires, the main tool for data collection. From the study it was discovered that: • Educational background was a significant predictor of ones knowledge about family planning. In other words, the higher one moves along the educational ladder, the more his knowledge about family planning • Generally, across the age groups, more people have knowledge about family planning than those who do not have any idea. (80%). • The majority of the respondents were within the age 19-39years (76.7%). • The respondents with some level of education are in the majority (91.5%), compared to those without any form of education, among others.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Community Health, School of Medical Sciences,(M.PH. Population and Reproductive Health).