Update of network planner results using 2012 data for Greater Accra and Northern Region with special emphasis on the effects of inter-household distance

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The Government has over the last few decades intended to increase energy access in Ghana but in spite of the good intentions, existing plans, policies and programmes have not delivered the best results. This thesis work seeks to use and support the GIS-based programme model for implementing the policies and Plans to increase Energy Access plans in Ghana. It has been shown that the penetration rate has a major influence on the total cost of all the electrification options as well as the connection cost per household. A lower penetration rate tends to lower the total cost of all the electrification whereas the connection cost per households increases since the same general infrastructural cost is pooled among fewer number of households. The results also indicates that reducing the mean inter-household distance (MID) tend to shift more communities to be grid compatible since the total cost per household will be lower and hence lower cost for grid technology. It shows that the MID is the deterministic factor of the required length of LV grid lines for the connecting households. It can also be pointed out that lowering the diesel fuel cost per litre results in a higher percentage of diesel mini-grid compatible communities. Diesel cost also affects the other electrification technologies. The Network Planner (NP) is a great tool that has helped in prioritizing areas for increased energy access by proposing the most cost-effective electrification option within a specified time horizon. In terms of social implication the NP can be used as a supporting tool for the extension of electricity access to communities that are not electrified.
A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science In Renewable Energy Technologies