Knowledge and practice of family planning among women of reproductive ages living within the catchment area of Pokuase health center

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September, 2019
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Background: Globally, family planning services are an essential element of reproductive health care and have saved the lives and protected the health of millions of women and children. Family planning is one of the pillars of safe motherhood and reproductive right. It‟s affected by cultural conditions and social background. While family planning services are available in Ghana, yet there is little information on their uptake by women in the rural areas. Objective: To assess the knowledge and practice about family planning among women of reproductive ages living within the catchment area of Pokuase health center. Method: This is a cross-sectional study. The study participants was selected using random sampling methods. The study population are the women in reproductive ages of Catchment area of Pokuase Health Centre. Face to face interview was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire to collect data from participants. Once the data was collected, it was entered in Microsoft excel and analyzed with SPSS version 20. The results was presented using tables, frequency and percentages. Results: About 150 women participated in the study with the mean age of 31.53(± 7.35). Less than half (54.0 %) of the participants had a good level of knowledge towards family planning whereas (51.8%) of them were not using currently using a contraceptive method. With regards to practice, the participants showed a poor level of practice of family planning at 41 (13%) whereas those with good level of practice of family planning constituted only (10%). Conclusion: This study provides a useful source of empirical information to policy makers to achieve the desired goals in family planning. These findings of the study will help health care providers promote family planning in the catchment area of Pokuase sub-municipality.
A thesis submitted to the School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Public Health Degree.
Family planning, Women, Pokuase health center