The impact of human resource management practices on Teachers’ turnover in private basic Schools: A case study of some selected Schools in Obuasi Municipality

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The purpose of the study was to ascertain the impact of human resource management practices on teachers’ turnover intention in basic private schools in Obuasi Municipal Assembly. Specifically, the study sought to assess the impact of human resource management practices on teachers’ turnover intention, and to evaluate the human resource practices, which correlates high with teachers’ turnover, and draw comprehensive measures that can be adopted to improve HRM practices and reduce employee turnover intention. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional case study and exploratory design using quantitative method. A multi-stage sampling method was used to select 200 teachers, head teachers and proprietors to participate in this study. The data were gathered by administering structured questionnaires. The data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18. The results indicated that performance appraisal and training and development were the most commonly used human resource management practices (mean of 3.16 and 3.00 respectively). Results of regression analysis indicate that much of the variation in the dependent variable is explained with adjusted R-square of 0.152 and Fvalue of 6.770 (p = 0.000) indicating that human resource management practices has an effect on teachers’ turnover. The results of the stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that employer-employee relationship and performance appraisal were the two human resource management practices that had greater influence on teachers’ turnover. They explained about 15% of the variation in teachers’ turnover.
A thesis submitted to the School of Business, Department of Managerial Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Masters in Business Administration.