Assessment of bicycling transportation on The Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology (K.N.U.S.T) Campus

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Over the last decade or so, there has been an increased awareness of the need for sustainable transportation especially in developing countries. Cycling is one of such means of transportation that offers a unique opportunity, by facilitating the contribution of cyclists to the sustainability goal, while they enjoy benefits in the form of improved health, shorter journey times etc. Previous studies have indicated that cycling is often conducive on campuses and more easily accepted because of the neo-traditional town setting of these environments. In Ghana, a developing country in Africa very little cycling culture exists and attitudes to this means of transportation is not well reported especially on tertiary campus environments. This study investigates the feasilibility of introducing cycling on the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) Campus for staff and students; with greater focus on the current limitations, bicycling inducing factors and specific infrastructural challenges. Surveys, both, online and ride-along were employed in the data collection, and the results obtained was analysed through descriptive and exploratory factor analyses. The results infer that there is a high potential for increasing bicycle use among respondents on the KNUST campus, although this may only materialize into actual ridership when potential users feel an overall improvement in safety. Strategic investments in the provision of required infrastructure, could go a long way to encourage cycling culture on campus, and help it join the league of elite colleges worldwide championing the course of environmentally friendly transportation.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science Road and Transportation Engineering, 2016