Effect of occupational accident on job performance; a case of a construction firm in Kumasi-Ghana

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The construction industry is besieged with accidents. Incidents of accidents at the construction site are higher in developing countries than developed countries. Safety at the construction site remains the poorest of all when compared with other manufacturing industry like the furniture and fixtures, fashion industries among others. The construction industry comprises of several people with different backgrounds and different tasks performed by them. The study examined the effect of occupational accident on job performance; a case of a construction firm in Kumasi-Ghana. 5 section questionnaires enclosing questions on demographic characteristics, general knowledge on safety and legalities, accident occurrence, safety management systems and employee attitude were administered to 110 workers of the construction firm. Chi-square and Pearson‟s Correlation Coefficient(r) were statistical tools used for the analysis of results. The result established a weak negative correlation (-0.164) between accident and job performance (labor productivity). The association between the accidents occurrence and absenteeism was statistically not significant (χ2 = 0.4291; d.f. = 1; p > 0.512) and a significant association was found between nature of accident and absenteeism (χ2 =6.7360; d.f. = 1; p < 0.009). The results of the study revealed a higher knowledge of safety legalities and practices and a positive attitude on safety from respondents, whereas low records of accidents were recorded among the construction workers of the firm implying a good safety management system. The study concludes that a good safety management system and a positive employee attitude would reduce absenteeism, occupational accidents and further increases labor productivity as demonstrated in the conceptual framework.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety, School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety.
Effect, Occupational accident, Job performance, Construction firm, Kumasi, Ghana