Inventory of water points and sanitation facilities in the Techiman District

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Water is a depletable natural resource which is absolutely essential to all forms of Ii t It poor management and uneven distribution has left many inhabitants of the Techiman District without adequate quality water bar both domestic and agricultural activities. This study, which aims at identifying sources of’ water bar domestic and agricultural activities water points management practices, the sanitation situation and elated health impacts, was conducted between November 1999 and June 2000. It involved data collection from Health Institutions and all stakeholders in water resources management in the Techiman District. Questionnaires were also administered to interview a cross-section of the People in the district. Two main sources of water are used for domestic and agricultural activities, the treated and untreated sources. The untreated water sources, (especially river, streams and rainwater) are patronised by over 65% of the people in the district. The major stream in the district have reduced in volume over the years due to the destruction of vegetation around them while the vast potential of using rainwater for agricultural and domestic activities is yet to be developed in the district Due to the dormancy of Water Management Committees, lack of locally trained mechanics, high cost of spare parts and low incomes from the sale of’ water, the future of wells in the district looks gloomy. Pipe-borne water systems are on the other hand well managed by the Ghana Water Company Limited Solid waste management and public education on sanitation, safe water and health, have see some improvement between 1 9% and 1999, resulting in considerable decline in the incidence of water related diseases. There is however the need for more intensive education on safe water, sanitation and health. Technology on harvesting and storage of rainwater in more hygienic ways must be developed and surface water bodies arid hand dug wells protected to avoid contaminations from any source.
A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Master of Science degree in Environmental Resources Management, 2001