Towards a sustainable procurement in Ghana

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June, 2014
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The study made use of physical, scientific and social science tools. In order to assess sustainable procurement issues, structured questionnaires were circulated, targeting procurement staffs in building and civil consulting outfits, few building and civil engineering contractors, government ministries, Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies and a few manufacturing companies in and around Greater Accra region with building technologists making up the greater percentage. Most of the questions in the questionnaire were designed using Likert scale strategy, which measures respondents’ attitude by asking the extent to which they agree or disagree with most of the issues at stake. The questionnaires were randomly circulated for this study. In all, about 100 questionnaires were circulated of which 56 were received and analysed using descriptive statistical tools like Mean, median, mode and standard deviations. A software called Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for the data analysis. From the study, one of the key findings was that majority of the people do not adopt effective sustainable procurement practices. The study found out that, the Public Procurement Act, somewhat succeeded in harmonizing the process of procurement in public entities. To a larger extent, however, it has failed to address issues of Green Procurement, as well as issues of effective monitoring and evaluation of procurement activities. To ensure sustainable procurement in Ghana, the Public Procurement Act must be amended to include effective green procurement elements. There must be effective monitoring and evaluation of procurement activities of firms, as well as instituting effective penalizing mechanisms. Sustainable procurement is key to attaining sustainable development, and its attainment depends on efforts of all stakeholders. Through redesigning of its procurement policies and procedures, Government of Ghana can see many multiplier benefits internally and across society as a whole, including efficiency gains, energy usage reductions, financial savings, improved access to services and better working conditions.
A thesis submitted to the Deparment of Building Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Procurement Management.