Effects of Municipal Solid Wastes on Four Major Rivers in Gyenegyene, Berekum Municipal

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The effects of Municipal Solid Wastes on Major Rivers; Suntri, Mmabamena, Kyenebra and Slaughter house Suntri in the Gyenegyene Community, were investigated from August, 2010 to July, 2011. Physico-Chemical parameters; pH, Colour and Turbidity, Mercury, Phosphate and Nitrate and microbial load were investigated using Standard methods. A total of thirty-two (32) samples were taken and analyzed. pH was below the World Health Organization Guidelines value of 8.50 pH and the Ghana Environmental Protection Agency Guideline value of 9.00. All the sampling sites had temperatures and colour values below the acceptable Guidelines. However, microbial loads in the rivers were high. Phosphate and Nitrate were below the EPA and WHO guidelines values. Lead (Pb) and Mercury concentrations were above the permissible limit of 0.01mg/L for heavy metal contamination of rivers. A cluster analysis performed on the data to establish contamination trends between the rivers showed that Slaughter House Suntri was the most polluted and Mmabamena was the least polluted.
A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Master of Science in Environmental Science