Evaluation of Households Solid Waste Generation and Disposal: A Case Study in Ejisu, Kwamo and Fumesua in the Ejisu-Juaben Municipality of Ghana

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In order to curtail waste management challenges in Ejisu–Juabeng Municipality, a study was conducted in three urban centers within the municipality namely; Ejisu, Kwamo and Fumesua, to quantify the solid waste composition generated at source (houses) and to assess the current disposal methods. The three towns were purposively selected based on the premise of population, histological and commercial activities. Data was gathered through field investigation, survey and face-to-face interviews. Semi–structured questionnaire were administered to households sampled for the research. The study revealed high levels of putrescible waste in all the three towns. Ejisu recorded the highest mean quantity of solid waste generation, followed by Kwamo and Fumesua, respectively. The mean per capita waste generations in the three towns were 0.2 kg, 0.2 kg, and 0.3 kg per day for Kwamo, Ejisu and Fumesua, respectively, which were all within the national average per capita waste generation of 0.5 kg per day. The influence of socio–economic factors such as household size, income and education on waste generation was not significant. The study revealed high dependence on communal waste containers as the methods for waste disposal. Waste sorting was not practiced in the study areas. There were inadequate waste containers and skips for the collection of waste and the limited skips available were not emptied regularly which resulted in skips overflow. It was found out that inadequate resources for waste management institutions to effectively collect and dispose of the waste generated were some of the major factors hindering effective solid waste disposal in the study areas. vi In dealing with these challenges, the research recommended possible interventions such as the adequate supply of skips, regular collection of waste and conveying of waste containers on time, proper management of the dumpsite, adequate resourcing of the waste management institutions and public education on sanitation in the study areas.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Mathematics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science Industrial Mathematics, Institute of Distance Learning.