Challenges in the Informal Construction Artisan Training System in the Ghanaian Construction Industry

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JUNE, 2016
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This research sought to find out the challenges confronting the informal artisan training system in the Ghanaian construction industry and provide available opportunities to help improve the system. The study was limited to two regions namely Greater Accra and Volta regions of Ghana. In all, two hundred and thirty-three (233) artisans comprising of one hundred and thirteen (113) apprentices and one hundred and twenty (120) master artisans were used for the study. Questionnaires were the main research instrument but personal observation was also used by the researcher. The sample of three hundred (300) was used in the data analysis. Qualitative research approach was used, employing the descriptive approach. Data from the field was analysed using percentages. From the findings, it was realized that two main modes of skill acquisition were in play pertaining to the informal sector, these are the traditional method (75%) and the attachment method (25%). Another finding was that, one shortcoming of the informal system appears to be a lack of consistency and adequate content in the training that apprentice receive. The study concludes that there is little external motivation or capability for the system’s trainees to progress in performance or in improving their methods. More than 55% of the master artisans apply experimentation or trial and error in their work. It is recommended that, it will be essential to involve the master artisans in a reform process including efforts to provide them with opportunities to upgrade their own knowledge of construction skills.
A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Building Technology, College of Art and Built Environment in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Science.