Quality Evaluation of Domestic Water Sources within Ziope Community of the Volta Region

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Water of good quality is of a basic importance to human survival on earth. The provision of potable water to the rural and urban populations is necessary to prevent health hazards. The aim of this project is to assess physicochemical, microbiological and trace metals of samples of domestic raw water sources (Borehole, Hand Dug Well and Pond) within the Ziope community in the Volta Region using WHO standard guidelines. Data on parameters were collected four times from September, 2010 to February, 2011. Most of the parameters analysed were within the WHO guideline limits for potable water. However, microbiological, some physicochemical and heavy metal parameters such as total hardness, total dissolved solid, calcium hardness, chloride, turbidity, total coliform, faecal coliform and lead values determined exceeded WHO standard for drinking water. Those that could be of health concern were turbidity, total coliform and faecal coliform. Thus, microbiologically, the water samples were of poor quality and unfit for human consumption without prior treatment. It is recommended that sediment in the wells should be removed regularly and also be disinfected regularly with chlorine.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Environmental Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Environmental Science