Factors influencing decision-making to accept elective caesarean section: A descriptive cross-sectional study

Elective caesarean sections (CS) that have medical indications contribute to better pregnancy outcomes but women have to consent for the procedure to be performed within reasonable time limits for the desired outcomes. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence women's decision-making and the duration of the decision-making process to accept primary or repeat elective CS in a district hospital in Ghana. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 163 purposively-sampled postnatal women in a hospital, who had experienced a CS. A questionnaire was used to collect data after the women gave their consent to participate. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 25.0 and presented using appropriate descriptive statistics. Chi-square test of independence was done to determine the association between any two categorical variables. Major factors that influenced women's decision-making to accept elective CS were support from their husband/partner/relatives (39.3 %), their baby's life being at risk (24.5 %), history of previous CS and knowledge about the procedure (19.6 %). Age and parity had significant relationship with the influencing factors. However, age was only significant for the influence of husband/partner/relative in the decision-making to accept CS (p < 0.01). Age (R2 ¼ 0.19, p < 0.001); previous CS (R2 ¼ 0.14, p < 0.001) are the major predictors of the duration of the decision-making process. Women's decision-making in consultation with relatives is the main influencer to accept elective caesarean section. There is the need to involve relatives during the antenatal care period in order for younger women in particular to be readily supported to make timely decisions to avoid preventable complications and allay client's fears.
Victoria Bam, Alberta Yemotsoo Lomotey, Abigail Kusi-Amponsah Diji, Hayford Isaac Budu, Dorothy Bamfo-Ennin, Georgina Mireku, Factors influencing decision-making to accept elective caesarean section: A descriptive cross-sectional study, Heliyon, Volume 7, Issue 8, 2021, e07755, ISSN 2405-8440, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07755