Microbial contents of household water in the Bantama Sub Metro of the Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly, Ghana

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MAY, 2019
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Water is one of the indispensable resources for the continued existence of all living thing including man. An adequate supply of safe drinking water is human right issue. About 2 million death are recorded every year in children under five years due to water borne disease mainly caused pathogenic microorganism .This study was conducted to assess the microbial contents (specifically Total coliform and E.coli) in the Bantama sub-metro of Kumasi, Ghana between May –July 2016.A qualitative cross-sectional, using a combination of questionnaire, observation and laboratory analysis was employed in this study to collect some primary data in 300 households. Serial dilution and membrane filtration methods were adopted for the microbial water quality analysis and results expressed in cfu/100mls. Three major sources of water to households were identified, thus, pipe borne water from GWCL, water from boreholes and that from hand dug wells.20% of the water were found to contain Total coliform of which 14% contains E.coli, indicating fecal contamination of these water sources. Statistical analysis were also carried out using SPSS. The study revealed a statistically significant association between educational background and medium for water storage (p = 0.000), there were significant variations in the quality of water between the suburbs (p = 0.011). Contamination water sources by Total coliform and E.coli were attributed to poor water source protection, poor sanitation, low level of hygiene practices, and lack of monitoring and education. The potential health risks to the consumers of these water sources calls for prompt interventions to mitigate these risks
A thesis submitted to the Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the Siagdegree of Master of Public Health in Health Promotion and Education
Household water, Microbial contents, Bantama, KMA, Kumasi, Ghana