Documentation of traditional musical instruments: case study of Okuapenhene’s palace, Akropong-Akuapem

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Akuapem is located in the south of Ghana on the southern-most extension of the Togo Atakora Range. The Akuapem land is mostly rocky. Akuapem comprises of four diverse ethnic components. The Kyerepong Guan occupies the seven towns of Abiriw, Dawu, Awukugua, Adukrom, Apirede, Aseseaso and Abonse; whiles the other Guan people are Larteh-Ahenase and Larteh-Kubease. The Akans reside in Akropong and Amanokrom and Twi-speaking Guans reside in Mamfe Abotakyi, Mampong, Tutu, Obosomase, Ahwerease and Aburi. The people of Akuapem were originally concentrated on the ridge towns. As the population increased, they began to migrate to the outlying areas of the state. Major occupation for the people of Akuapern is farming. They cultivate mainly fruits, cereals, tubers and oil palm. The name “Akuapem” has three interpretations. These interpretations are “Nkoa Apem” (thousand subjects), “Akuw Apem” (thousand groups) and “Akuafo Apem) (thousand farmers). Akuapem used traditional musical instruments. The origins of traditional musical instruments are difficult to trace because some Akan drums are similar to those used by other ethnic groups in Ghana. There are beliefs that some repertoires
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Master of Arts degree in Art Education, 2001