Knowledge and practice of family planning among w reproductive age group in Awutu Senya East Municipality in the Central Region of Ghana

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September, 2019
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The effective use of contraceptive methods in the population would help reduce significantly unwanted pregnancy rates, maternal, perinatal and infant mortality rate, unsafe abortion, adolescent pregnancy rate and control population growth. This can be achieved when people have much knowledge and practice of family planning.Investigation was conducted to assess the knowledge and practice of current family planning among women in their reproductive age in the Awutu Senya East Municipality. The study was community-based quantitative cross-sectional study design. A multistage sampling method was used to select 316 women in various groups of the municipality using cluster sampling technique. A structured administered questionnaire was used as the data collection tool. SPSS software version 23 was used to analyze the data collected. Univariate analysis was used to describe the variables. Bivariate analysis using Chi-square was performed to test the associations between independent variables and knowledge and practice. Multiple logistic regression analysis was then carried out on the factors at the bivariate level, crude and adjusted odds ratio were computed and statistical significance was accepted at p < 0.05.The results show that the proportion of women with adequate knowledge on family planning was 88.6%. The proportion that practice was 67.4%. Educational level (AOR= 1.23; 95% CI=1.03-6.43), marrital status (AOR= 3.21; 95% CI=1.56- 3.78), number of children (AOR= 2.17; 95% CI=1.32-8.54) were the demographic factors found to be significantly associated with family planning knowledge. Marrital status and number of children also significantly influenced practice.There was however a strong positive correlation between knowledge score and practice score with correlation coefficient of 0.692. This study has revealed that the proportion of women who currently use contraceptive is good. Knowledge level on family planning was very high and knowledge translates into practice as a strong positive correlation was observed between knowledeg score and practice score.
A dissertation submitted to the Department of Public Health in the College of Allied Science, in partial fulfilment of the requirements of Master of Science Degree in Environment and Public Health.