Application of generalized estimating equation (GEE) model on students academic performance: a case study of final year math four students at KNUST

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Education as it’s often said is the ‘King of all knowledge’. In its yard are high expectations of academic performance which is very dear to the heart of all and sundry. Hence, any variable that triggers the academic performance of students evoke the awareness of all. The aim of this thesis is to review analyses of “Application of Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) Models on Academic Performance”. There are various statistical and mathematical models employed in the analyses of students’ academic performance in different level of schools. In this thesis, we formulate the Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) model approach to analyse the probable performance of students knowing his gender, entry age into the school, the geographical location of students, as well as Graded level of former School attended. We used real data set of students’ Semester Weighted Average (SWA), and back these with validate and reliable questionnaire about students personal information (on their Biodata response) for a complete data set. From our analyses, Coefficient Estimation of the Study Parameters reveals that, only the geographical location of students is significant and hence affects their academic performance. We recommend that Mathematics Education should be strengthened in the Northern belts regions of Ghana. We also recommend further research to check individual differences existing among the students that may account for differences in Academic performance in Institutions.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Mathematics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment for the degree of Master of Philosophy in Mathematics