Nutritional composition and antioxidant properties of three varieties of carrot ( Daucus carota )

Carrots are a potentially rich source of antioxidants in addition to their nutritional proper- ties. In this study, the nutritional composition and antioxidant properties of three varieties of carrots, namely Kuroda, Pamela and Amazonia cultivated in Ghana were determined. The peroxide scavenging method was used to determine the antioxidant properties of the ethanolic extracts of the carrot varieties at different concentrations. The protein, crude fi- bre, fat and carbohydrate contents of the carrot varieties ranged 6.46 –10.73 %, 7.18 –8.87 %, 1.97 –4.31 % and 6.25 –8.39 % respectively. The three varieties had high moisture contents ranging from 69.06 to 75.30 %. The antioxidant properties were high even at low concentrations of extract, and their activity increased with time in the order Amazonia > kuroda > pamela. Amazonia had the highest fibre, protein and carbohydrate contents and the lowest moisture content, making it the most preferred variety.
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Scientific African 12 (2021) e00801