Barriers to climate change adaptation: evidence from northeast Ghana in the context of a systematic literature review

International studies (Boko et al., 2007; Lobell, Bänziger, Magorokosho, & Vivek, 2011) suggest that Africa is particularly vulnerable to climate change and variability. This vulnerability has been attributed to the continent’s high poverty levels, low adaptive capacity, its dependence on rain-fed agriculture, as well as its limited economic and institutional capacity (Boko et al., 2007). Research suggests that food production and related livelihoods will be disproportionately affected by climate change and variability in sub- Saharan Africa (hereafter, ‘SSA’) (Schlenker & Lobell, 2010). Climate change has even been described as a new security threat for Africa (Brown, Hammill, & Mcleman, 2007). Climatic projections suggest that prolonged and more intense droughts are likely to cause SSA to become drier (Boko et al., 2007; Christensen et al., 2007). Increasing mean annual temperatures will increase evapotranspiration losses resulting in a reduction in soil moisture content. Boko et al. (2007) project that climate change will reduce net crop revenues by 90%by 2100.
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DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2014.951013