Modelling the determinants of poverty in Ghana using the ordered logit model

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A concise and universally accepted definition of poverty is elusive and an element of subjectivity is inevitable in arriving at a working definition. This is due to the fact that poverty affects many aspects of the human condition, including physical, moral and psychological. As a result of this, many variables have to be considered in determining the poor and the state of poverty. Many researchers have defined the poor as, that portion of the population that is unable to meet basic nutritional needs (Ojha. 1970, Reutlinger and Selowsky, 1976). Others view Poverty, in part, as a function of education, health, life expectancy and child mortality among others (Singer, 1975). Levels of expenditures and consumption are other criteria used to identify the poor (Musgrove and Ferber, 1 976). In Ghana, as in most Sub-Sahara countries, the subsistence view of poverty, which is concerned with the minimum provision needed to maintain health, good nutritional status and working capacity, is the most Prevalent (Brown, 1984; Semi, 1989). In other words there should be some standard for determining the minimum cost of an adequate diet in order to determine whether an individual or household is living above or below subsistence level (Brown, 1984).
A Thesis Submitted to the Board of Postgraduate studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science (M.Sc) in Mathematics, 2001