Islamic Centre, Tamale

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Religion has always been a source of power in most societies in the world. In the northern region of Ghana, Islam has been the dominant religion and so leaders apart from chiefs have emerged under the shade of Islam. The fusion of the two cultures, Islam and traditional, has been realised in this scheme as it is evident in t he cultural practices of the people. It was therefore the intention of this thesis to produce design concepts that will identity itself with the architectural values of the region. A careful architectural investigation was made in both cultures, Islamic and northern, based on plan forms, landscaping and surface treatments. The study was not limited to unit buildings but also to entire urban planning levels which revealed compatibility, Hierarchy and sense of direction as a response to climatic social and religious factors in both eases. The octagonal shape which has featured so much in Islamic architecture was used in display. Forecourts, courtyards have been used to define formal and informal spaces. The main walling material is brick treated both on plan and elevation to depicit the northern culture. Water bodies; have been combined with selected trees of relatively small leaves to take care of the harsh dust laden harmattan winds. These architectural components used, should help rescue the user from the rigours of the prevalent climate.
A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Postgraduate Diploma in Architecture, 1986