Sustaining the utility and functionality of Community-Based Projects: a case study of Atwima Mponua District.

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With an aim of fighting poverty at the grass root, many donors and facilitators are opting to channel their funding through Community based projects (CBPs). These CBPs have a gestation period or life-span in all the areas or communities. In order to achieve the goals of these programs with the planned resources, there is need to find a way of how best these can be sustained or managed by the community after the gestation period (phase-out). The purpose of this study was to establish the sustainability and functionality of Community-Based Projects in Atwima Mponua District of Ghana. This was through the following objectives; to identify the monitoring and evaluation strategies used to maintain the utility and functionality of the CBPs, the role of end users in maintaining the utility and functionality of the CBPs and to evaluate the maintenance system available of maintaining the utility and functionality of the CBPs in the Atwima Mponua District. The study employed quantitative research design. A sample of 51 was obtained from the target population who were the donors and beneficiaries of the Community-Based Projects through stratified random sampling procedure from three (3) different communities namely Hiamakwa, Ahyeresu and Nyinahin. Data were collected by use of a questionnaire and an interview guide. Qualitative data was analyzed through checking data, developing codes, identifying themes and patterns. Data was summarized and linked to the objectives. Quantitative data was analyzed where both descriptive and inferential statistics were generated using the SPSS software. Descriptive results were presented as frequency tables, percentages. Inferential statistics were analyzed using One Sample T-test. In conclusion, the study findings provide evidence that target achievement report was the monitoring and evaluation strategy used by the management of the Community-Based projects (CBPs). Also, CBPs are not in good shape in terms of its sustainability and utility. This is as a result of the emergency maintenance system used by the management. Therefore, there should be a well-planned management and maintenance policy in order to avert the other CBPs from phasing out. Further study should be done in this area to find out the factors that adversely affects the sustainability and utility of Community-Based Projects and prevent them.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Master of Science in Project Management.
Appraisal, Cost Control practices, Building infrastructure, Projects delivery, Works Department, Tema Metropolitan Assembly.