Evaluation of aesthetics of indigenous architectural structures in metropolitan Kumasi from pre-colonial era to the present
Aesthetics in architecture involves appreciation and criticisms, and forms an essential human experience which is carried out not in an isolated environment, but in a wider context of the community. Knowledge in aesthetics is an important vehicle for the educational and cultural process which contributes positively to individual and national development. The main objectives of the thesis seek to identify different types of indigenous architecture, document and analyse the aesthetics in indigenous architecture in Asante. A breakdown of the problem reveals the link between the people and their art which are represented in their indigenous architecture in the form of religious temples. The research identified some Asante’s indigenous architecture and revealed that artifacts are composites of indigenous architecture. Some symbolic designs in the buildings showed that the elements of design were so organised as to expose balance, rhythm, contrast, symmetry, unity and harmony. The thesis is presented in four chapters. The first chapter being the introductory deals with the problem and its setting, Chapter two surveys the related literature while chapter three deals with the history, values and aesthetic of some selected indigenous Asante architecture. The third chapter forms the main body of the thesis and provides fresh information on aesthetics in indigenous Asante’s architecture. The chapter identifies the art in the buildings and how Asante’s architecture bas evolved to date. The research ends with the fourth chapter which deals with results, conclusion and recommendation.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Master of Arts in Art Education, 1993