The place of graphic design in national development

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In developing Countries, national development has been the subject of concern over the years. In Ghana, this phenomenon has resulted in the organisation of seminars and conferences, the embarkation on various development programmes such as “Self Reliance”, “Operation Feed Yourself”, Health for All By The Year 2,000”, Clean up Campaigns and National Mobilisation Programmes. It has also resulted in the making of new policies such as the quite recent one concerning the education reform in Ghana. For these programmes to be very successful, the communication gap between the policy makers and organizers and the general public needs to be bridged for understanding and motivation to occur. At this juncture, it is expedient for people to kwon that graphic design products serve as one of the best tools, if not the best, for successful communication so that good use can be made of them in the bid to realise growth in all areas of development in the nation. In Ghana, the major areas of development have been identified as Education, Agriculture, Health, Industry, Science and Technology. This thesis, therefore, seeks to bring to the awareness of the general public the role that graphic design plays in these various areas of national development. It is divided into seven chapters. The first one is the introduction which deals with the problem and its setting. The second is a review of related literature. The third chapter discusses the scope of graphic design. The fourth chapter examines the place of graphic design in school education while the fifth studies the place of graphic design in public education. Chapter six also discusses the role of graphic design in industrial development and chapter seven outlines some recommendations and the conclusion of the thesis. This study was conducted through library studies, critical observation, personal experience and interviews and by visiting various shops, chapels and places of work. It is hoped that this study would be used to enlighten people all over the world.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Master of Arts in Art Education, 1993