Effects of Green Design Sustainability on Environmental Performance: Mediating Role of Green Innovation

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The main aim of the study is to examine the effects of green design sustainability on environmental performance and the mediation role of green innovation in mining firms in the Western Region of Ghana. The study employed an explanatory research design. This survey was conducted using a quantitative approach. Purposive sampling techniques were used to choose 332 participants. A prepared questionnaire was the main tool used for data collection. Both SPSS v26 and SmartPls v4 were used for the statistical analysis. Both descriptive and inferential approaches were used to analyze the data. The result revealed that green design sustainability does not have a direct effect on environmental performance but a direct effect on green innovation. The result showed that green innovation had a significant direct influence on environmental performance. The results also revealed that green innovation positively and fully mediates interactions between green design sustainability and environmental performance. Therefore, the study recommended that firms should design eco-friendly products, eliminates hazardous waste and materials in their production operations, and employs products that save coal, oil, power, and water in order to enhance firms try to work with customers on eco-design to reduce the environmental effect, develop products and packaging that may be reused, mended, or recycled, surpasses legal environmental laws, uses alternative energy, reduces water use, and frequently examines the environment.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Supply Chain and Information Systems, KNUST School of Business in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of science in logistics and supply chain management