The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Teacher Retention in the Ghana Education Service: A Case Study of Schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis

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All educational policies by government over the years such as the Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education (FCUBE) for all school going-age children (Government of Ghana, 1992), the school feeding programme and recently the model secondary schools policy focus on expansion of physical infrastructure and enrollment and fails to recognize the essential role teacher attraction and retention play in any educational system. A total of sixty two (62) respondents were surveyed for this study. This comprises forty teachers, twenty head teachers and two unit heads. The purposive stratified sampling technique was adopted and data collected with a structured questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed with SPSS. The study revealed that schools within the Cape Coast Metropolis are having some degree of difficulty in attracting new teachers. It also concluded that teaching even though is experiencing a chronic prestige, it is still appealing to most young people and that the most significant factor that affected both teacher recruitment and retention was employee remuneration. Low or uncompetitive salary was clearly indicated as a factor that hindered teacher recruitment and retention. It is therefore recommended that the government, through The Ministry of Education takes a critical look at teacher remuneration and other incentive packages in order promote teacher recruitment and retention.
A thesis submitted to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of COMMONWEALTH EXECUTIVE MASTERS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION,