Evaluation of the pattern for child growth and developmental processes through creative art

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August, 2015
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Observing development and growth of the young child presents a distinctive system for observing and recording development of children ages 6 to 12 in classroom settings. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the artistic development of young children in St Dominic Basic School at Koforidua in the Eastern Region, the research focused on understanding whether a child’s artistic identity, confidence in artistic ability and artistic skill building in the creative arts will increase over time; next was to assess the pattern used in teaching creative arts (visual art); and finally to design a therapeutic intervention to bridge the gaps in the theoretical model for child growth and developmental processes through creative arts (visual art). The research design employed both qualitative and quantitative methods considering the case study and quasi- experimental research approaches. The researcher observed the children and interviewed them during the creative art class; and also evaluated the drawings they created in the creative art class from the first to last week’s using a rubric. In the effort of gathering information on the pattern used in teaching creative arts it was revealed that none of the four facilitators used for the study were art-trained but were teaching creative arts (visual art); in addition, all the facilitators involved used the whole class teaching method which according to most child psychologists like Piaget, Montessori, Lowenfeld is not appropriate for the creative art class considering the ages of the pupil respondents. A therapeutic intervention was adopted to help some pupil respondents like Vivian and Atsu to come out from their drawing deficiency. The results show that some children developed artistic creativity over the research period. The researcher also discussed how instruction could be improved in the creative arts (visual art) class to better assess and promote children’s development.
A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Philosophy in Art Education,