The influence of green supplier development capability on gscm adoption in food processing and agri-business firms in Ghana: the moderating role of top management support

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Underpinned by the information processing theory and the dynamic capability theories, this study develops and tests arguments that there is a relationship between green supplier development capability and green supply chain management adoption and that this relation is conditional upon levels of top management support. Accordingly, a quantitative research design was employed for the study. The population of the study consists of food processing firms and agri-businesses who are registered with the Association of Ghana Industries and the Registrar General’s Department who are into green practices. Consequently, 154 firms who are into green practices for at least one year were considered. The projected relationship of the study was tested using a purposively selected 2 middle level procurement and supply chain management managers totalling 308 respondents within the companies’ supply chain. 276 questionnaires were found useful and used for the analysis. The respondents are people who have adequate knowledge in green supplier development capability and green supply chain management practices and have implemented environmentally sustainable practices in their operations. Structured questionnaire was designed and used to elicit information from the respondents. The data was analysed using SPSS in Amos version 22 to estimate the regression analysis. Findings from the study indicate that green supplier development capability has a positive significant relationship with green supply chain management adoption. The study further found out that, the relationship between green supplier development capability and the adoption of green practices is weaken by higher level of top management support. The possible reason being that the procurement officers prefer to take initiatives on their own instead of being supported by management. A theoretical contribution from this study is the revelation that, green supplier development capability stimulates the adoption of green supply chain management practices and is more complicated than formerly thought and that higher level of top management support negatively affect green supplier development capability. The study thus recommends that, management of these food-processing firms must give much room for procurement officers to take initiatives concerning green activities on their own without much involvement and this will help the officers to be creative concerning issues of green. In addition, instead of providing support management of these institutions must explore other avenues which can increase green supplier development capability like creating of conducive atmosphere and regular sustainability education. This they can do by setting goals for their firms when it comes to issues of sustainability and do everything within their power to reach those goals. Employees should also be given the tools and incentives so they could take issues of sustainability seriously.
A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Supply Chain and Information Systems of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology School of Business, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of science(procurement and supply chain management option)