Assessing the social and environmental impact of illegal mining operation in river pra: A case study of Ghana Water Company projects in Daboase

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Illegal mining popularly known as galamsey has caused the people of Daboase, the district capital of Mpohor Wassa East their livelihood and the Ghana Water Company Limited millions of Ghana cedis to treat water for human consumption. This study aimed to assess the social and environmental impact of an illegal mining operation in river Pra and its impacts on water production of Ghana Water Company Limited. Three objectives were set for this work, which are 1.) To determine the effects of illegal mining in the river Pra on water treatment and production at Daboase head works 2.) To assess the impact of illegal mining in the river Pra on the environment 3.) To ascertain the socioeconomic implications of the polluted River Pra on the populace and proffer solutions to curb the galamsey menace in the area. Extensive literature review was done, and a quantitative survey was designed and used in the research. 61 questionnaires out of 66 questionnaires that were distributed were retrieved and wholly completed taking a rate of response of 92%. 7 people targeted for the interview were all interviewed representing a percentage of 100. 93% represented the overall respondent rate. To draw meaningful results, the collected data have been analyzed by using the quantitative data analysis techniques (which include Mean Scores, percentages and frequencies, and others) through the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) IBM version 24. Results of the study show that land, water, air pollution and increased in water production cost are the main environmental impacts and social indicators such as employment, population increase and migration, economic and business development, prostitution, crime, conflict, poverty issues, infrastructural development and prices of goods and services are the social impacts of illegal mining. Regularization of the illegal mining with proper documentation be granted to the miners, attention be paid to the massive unemployment situation are some of the recommendations of this study
A thesis submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science (Project Management).
Assessing, illegal mining, river pra, Daboase