Contribution of motivational practices to performance in construction project delivery

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Motivation has been identified as a useful performance enhancement tool. The construction industry is labour intensive requiring quality human resources coupled with essential human resource approaches. However, construction firms are unable to find appropriate and optimum balance of motivation practices that can stimulate the needed performance of workmen leading to maximum organizational performance. In view of this, the study explored key motivational practices in the construction industry, the effectiveness of such practices and the impact of motivational practices on performance in the construction industry. In this quantitative survey research, purposive sampling technique was used to select one hundred and sixty eight respondents from Greater Accra. Data was collected using questionnaire while descriptive and regression was used to analyze the result. The result showed that in the construction industry, good supervision, positive working environment, participation in decision making and job security are the common motivational practices. On average, most of the respondents indicate that the motivational practices in the construction industry are effective. The result also showed that financial rewards, opportunity for career development, job characteristics and recognition are the significant drivers of employee performance. Opportunity for career development and job characteristics are the strongest drivers of performance. The study suggest that management of construction companies should encourage their employees to take courses such as distance learning, correspondence courses and study leave with pay. This will help improve their job, higher performance and will also translate into their rewards.
This thesis is submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, College of Art and Built Environment in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Motivation, Construction and performance