Using Selected Visual Art Activities as a Strategy to Boost Girl-Child Education at Trabuom in the Atwima Kwanwonma District of Ashanti Region

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Education is a human right and not a privilege. Though the United Nations Conventions on the right of the child makes education a right to all children irrespective of age and gender, some children at Trabuom in Ashanti Region of Ghana are denied this right. Though the 1992 Constitution of Ghana guarantees Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education to every child of school going age irrespective of gender, religion, ethnicity or cultural background, some girls are being denied Basic Education. To explore this phenomenon, the study adopted the action research method to find out why some of the girls in Trabuom in Atwima Kwanwonma District of Ashanti Region do not go to school and then adopted some practical art activities that could encourage and sustain more girls’ interest in school. The study found the factors that negatively affect the girl-child education in the area as poverty, pregnancy, lack of female models, low level of parents’ education, negative parental attitude towards education, low value attached to education and sexual harassment by male teachers. The study recommends that the district assembly should give the farmers and the traders in the community some soft loans to expand their farms and businesses to enable them earn enough income so that they can cater for their children. The district girl-child education officer should organise seminars on sex education for the girls to understand their bodies and the effects of teenage pregnancy which is rampant in the town to reduce and thereby encourage more girls to go to school and complete at the highest level. Furthermore, more female teachers must be posted to the town to serve as role models to the girls in the town. In addition, parents and guardians must be educated to know the importance of girl-child education so that they will not be discriminated against. The district assembly should also assist girls who are needy but brainy to get access to school.
A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in Partial Fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts (Art Education) Faculty of Art College of Art and Social Sciences.2013