Landscape planning of four traditional and cultural areas in Kumasi and the relationship to the development of tourism

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The fundamental paradox of using and saving, of enjoying and having tomorrow, has been with man for millennia. He has therefore developed ways of both exploiting and conserving the environment. One way is the idea of landscape planning, a social invention which has spread too many parts of the world and changed considerably in the course of its travels. Landscape planning is a new outlook in the general planning of land use in Ghana. Laurel (1975) refers to the landscape planning as “the qualitative and functional arrangement of parcels of land set aside in planning process for some specific purpose such as housing, education or recreation.” Hacket (1971) also defines landscape planning as “an art whose most important function is to create, preserve and protect beauty in the environment including the surrounding of human habitation.” Landscape planning is therefore generally concerned with promoting convenience, comfort and health of the population, especially urban dwellers who have little access to the natural scenery and urgently need to have their daily lives refreshed and calmed by the beauty an1 reposeful sites which nature can abundantly provide in the landscape. Landscape planning is further viewed as a concept which is continually seeking human comfort and pleasure in such areas as recreation and tourism. Therefore landscape planning of areas of historical and cultural interests is regarded as an integral part of the built environment in relation to to1irismd The study realises the importance of traditional and cultural values in the As1,nti Region and particularly to the development of tourism in (Kumasi, the capital City of the Ashanti Region. It also involves the identification of traditional and cultural areas in Kumasi. It further develops the criteria to select four outstanding traditional and cultural areas that are uniquely placed in Kumasi, which are identified as the Ghana National Cultural Centre, Manhyia Palace) Kumasi Military Museum and the Komfo Anokye Sword Area. Data collected from the inventory of existing physical features of the four selected areas including personal interviews conducted and those for specialized departments and library documents are analysed, synthesized and collated. Based on the analysis of the various data, landscape planning is applied in an attempt to enhance the traditional, cultural and aesthetic qualities of these selected areas. Th. project proposes an effective landscape maintenance programme for the selected areas. Bill of quantities or estimation is prepared covering the landscape planning of these areas. Lastly, the social aspects of the built environment of the selected areas with regard to the development and enhancement of tourism in Kumasi are fully considered in the study.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of the Degree of Master of Science in Landscape Design, 1992