An Evaluation of the Performance of the Works Procurement Methods in the Public Sector Regime of Ghana

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Since the enactment of the Public Procurement Act of Ghana (Act 663) in 2003, incidents of corruption, fraudulent acts and collusive behaviour have pervaded the public procurement regime and the direct consequence has been that people at the helm of affairs are taking advantage of the loop holes in the Procurement Methods and their procedures to influence decisions on contract awards. As a result quality delivery on most infrastructure works projects have become poor, and value for money in terms of cost and timely delivery have not been achieved. This research study, premised on the assumption that the Consultants were performing at optimum levels during Pre-Contract and the Post-Contract stages of Works procurement, was undertaken by interviewing 23 Officers comprising Procurement Officers from some select Ministries, Departments and their Consultants with the objective of identifying the loopholes in the Works Procurement Methods and procedures prescribed by the Public Procurement Act and to suggest strategic ways of mitigating corruption and fraudulent acts in the Works Procurement process. Among other findings, the Researcher identified lack of education as a bane to the achievement of the objectives of Act 663 and therefore suggests a collaborative effort between the Public Procurement Authority and the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology where Procurement related programmes are been run to subsidize the tuition fees to enable public officers study Procurement related courses at various levels. The study also identified that Procurement Entities and the Public Procurement Authority were not exercising enough due diligence to determine the capacities of Contractors recommended for Works Contracts and therefore suggested that the decision to recommend a contractor should not be based exclusively on tender submissions but investigations as well. It was also suggested that the appointment of the officials of the Public Procurement Authority should be non-partisan, as it would lessen the level of political influence in works procurement.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Building Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Procurement Management,