Effects of poor safety performance on Ghanaian construction projects

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November, 2016
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The Construction industry plays a major role in any economy and its activities are also vital to the achievement of the socio-economic development goals of providing shelter, infrastructure and employment. However, the construction industry is also known as an accident prone industry in Ghana. The interest in safety awareness among construction companies has greatly increased in the past decade. The everincreasing cost of medical treatment and the potential for lawsuits can lead to higher insurance premiums, which in turn tend to have a negative impact on a company's profit. Safety on construction sites is a major concern in Ghana, however little research has been conducted into the subject. The study was aimed at the effects of poor safety performance and putting measures in place to improve them. A questionnaire survey was conducted on various Ghanaian Construction firms within the Accra Metropolis and the collected data was analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to obtain the Relative Importance Index and thus rank the safety performance factors. A conclusion was drawn from the analysis indicates that the major contributive factor affecting safety performance was Administrative and management commitment towards safety, giving staff and site workers safety education and training, the role of Government and other Engineering societies and these have resulted in some chronic and acute effects on constriction workers. The recommendations made were that, safety should be the utmost concern for every individual or organization involved in construction therefore; a greater awareness as well as education and training structures should be put in place to arrest the alarming rate of construction accidents in Ghana
A thesis submitted to the Department of Building Technology, College of Art and Built Environment in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science