Efficiency measurement of basic schools using data envelopment analysis. Case study: the Eastern Region, Ghana.

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Universally, education encompasses the transfer of knowledge, consciously or unconsciously from one generation to another in either formal or informal settings. In recent times, whenever the efficiency of Junior High School education is called into question, individuals use only the results of the BECE examinations to judge the schools without considering any other factors. The purpose of this study was to assess how efficient the junior high schools are in the Eastern region of Ghana considering both the performance of students and other factors in play. The Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method, which is a linear programming approach, is employed to address the problem of efficiency measurement for decision making units with several inputs and outputs. A case study based on the Eastern Region of Ghana was used with primary data sourced from 26 schools. The major findings revealed that out of the technical efficiencies of the 26 schools for the 2017/2018 academic year that were examined, eighteen schools in the region had less than one, indicating that the schools are producing below the production frontier and are therefore technically inefficient according to CCR model. This shows that in most of the schools, the resources available are being underutilised. For the BCC model, the technical efficiency of twelve out of the twenty six schools in the region were inefficient, this means more than half of the schools were efficient and were using their resources efficiently. It is recommended that, to improve academic performance of students, government and policy makers should pay more attention on how to lower the teacher-students ratio and the classroom students ratio in the various schools
A project report submitted to the Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Mphil, Applied Mathematics.
Basic schools, Eastern region, Ghana