The role of MMDAs in poverty alleviation: A case study of Amansie Central District Assembly

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Poverty alleviation is a major problem in developing countries. Poverty simply means complete lack of or reduced access to material, economic, social, political or cultural resources needed to satisfy the basic human needs. The concept of poverty has multiples of definitions depending on the situation one finds himself. Factors such as unemployment, lack of basic social human needs like food, clothing, housing, potable water, quality health care services and acquisition of income to meet these basic necessities of life are the causes of poverty. Several strategies have been adopted to combat this unpleasant and unfortunate situation in the District and in the country as a whole, notwithstanding poverty still exist. Therefore this study seeks to find out the role the MMDAs are playing to alleviate poverty in the study area. The study was guided by the following objectives: determine causes and effects of poverty, assess the nature and practice of decentralization as a policy to alleviate poverty, identify strategies of alleviating poverty and analyse the linkage of decentralization and poverty reduction. The researcher adopted a case study method base on Amansie Central District. Respondents were selected through judgmental sampling technique to collect data and structured questionnaires were administered to the respondents who were judgmentally selected from the communities, District Assembly management staff, Assembly members and CSOs including NGOs. The study revealed that the Assembly pays more attention to the provision of social and economic infrastructure. Little attention was paid to programmes that alleviate poverty such as job creation, human capacity building, engaging in skills training and development and micro credit scheme. Recommendations were made in order to help combat the problems of poverty at the District level.
A Thesis submitted to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Commonwealth Executive Masters in Public Administration