Training and development and employee performance in District Assemblies in Ghana (Bosomtwe District Assembly)

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Training and development is one key human resource management function undertaken by business organizations to ensure that organizational goals and objectives are achieved through the acquisition, motivation and maintenance of qualified and competent employees. It is for this reason that organizations with positive training philosophy invest in the development of the skills and competencies of their employees in order to have competitive advantage over other organizations. Such organizations employ a variety of training programmes and activities aimed at equipping employees to higher levels of performance. This study was therefore an attempt to find out the effects of training and development on employees of District Assemblies in Ghana especially in the Bosomtwe District Assembly. District Assemblies were chosen for this study because of the pivotal roles that are expected of them in Ghana’s quest to implement decentralization. Decentralization requires that local government institutions have the appropriate manpower and logistics to facilitate the performance of their devolved functions. The study uncovered the following fact in the training and development of employees in the District Assemblies; Training and development has positive effect on employee performance. However, its conduct is fraught with many challenges. Most training programmes in District Assemblies are often targeted at senior management employees leaving out the junior employees. Again, the methods of training are usually classroom; seminars, orientation programmes and not on–the–job training. These and other discovered facts all came into light as a result of the questionnaires administered at the Bosomtwe District Assembly. The research was a case study and the sampling technique used was stratified sampling. The researcher therefore made recommendations for aggressive policies and measure to address the challenges identified in order to build the capacity of staff at the District Assemblies of Ghana.  
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Master of Arts in Sociology, 2011