A New Paradigm Design of Commercial Centre in Tema, Ghana.

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The aim of the thesis is to develop an ever vibrant commercial centre by introducing recreational facilities surveyed from a suburban community in Tema. It evaluates the key attributes of major commercial centres in Accra and Tema that may be adopted for the development of a new design model of commercial centres. It also outlines the general concepts and trends of commerce, and operative methods of the major types worldwide to develop a general guideline to realise the new model. Hopefully, the new way of designing the centres would make them friendlier, less stressful and more fun to shop in thereby developing an ever vibrant centre of commerce. The methods used are, literature review on existing concepts and trends of commerce and current types of commercial centres in the above cities. Questionnaires were distributed to shoppers, sellers and residents of community 22 in Tema on their preferred commercial centres and pull factors. Interviews were conducted at Tema Development Corporation and Accra Municipal Assembly on types of commercial centres existing in the study areas. Studies were also conducted on major design approaches locally and internationally for an understanding of their functioning. The results outline two major types of commercial designs; the traditional market style (60%) and the modern mall style (40%). Most of the residents in the study areas require entertainment facilities such as a golf course and a table tennis court which are the major pull factors aside the normal restaurant and sale points. The results obtained helped to design a new prototype commercial centre by merging the two major types of designs on an actual site in Tema and adding the community based pull factors mentioned above. Two sets of conclusions and recommendations were made: theoretical, based on literature review and case studies and practical; based on findings on community 22 (resident community for the model).
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Architecture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Dartial Fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE, 2010.