Community awareness and response to environmental degradation in Keta district, Ghana

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Sound environmental management is crucial for the Development of any human society. The Keta District is no exception. The Keta District is faced with deforestation, drought, rising temperatures, indiscriminate bush fires and the depletion of the fragile and sensitive mangrove swamps. Various theories have been propounded to explain the causes of environmental degradation with accompanying measures put in place to arrest the situation. However in Keta District, there has been little success at finding a suitable solution to the burgeoning threat of degradation facing the fragile coastal Savannah and mangrove vegetation. This study attempted to understand how people of all walks of life perceive and respond to environmental degradation. The study dealt with the problem of environmental degradation from the social point of view, so as to bring out the attitude, perception and mode of ensuring a liveable environment by local communities. The results of the study indicate that the people in the Keta District including policy makers are aware of the environmental problems, confronting them. However, whilst some communities were adopting appropriate strategies to solve those problems others were doing absolutely nothing about the looming environmental catastrophe. To help avert an imminent environmental disaster, long and short term plans have been outlined in this report which, when followed, would provide an antidote to the problems facing the Keta District.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of the Degree of Master of Science in Development Planning and Management, 1996