Developing interactive learning system for teaching the elements of design in Senior High Schools

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The study of Visual Art at the SHS is faced with various challenges. Some of the challenges negatively affect students’ performance at the WASCE level. This study is conducted to assess the performance of Visual Art students at Winneba Senior High School and suggest ways to improve performance in the study of Basic Elements of Design. Based on the study an Interactive Learning System (ILS) was developed to aid teaching and learning of Basic Design Elements (BDE). Students’ output was compared using the ILS against the Traditional Textbook and Lecturer method of teaching respectively in teaching the Basic Elements of Design. The Project Topic “Developing Interactive Learning System for Teaching the Elements of Design in Senior High Schools” was thus derived. The study adopted a Quantitative Research Methodology. Purposive and stratified sampling techniques were employed to select the respondents for this exercise. The main data collection tools were Interviews (Unstructured), Observation (Quasi- Observation). Data collected was analysed using figures and tables. The study revealed that when Visual Art students are taught using Interactive Learning Systems, their performances improved as compared to the use of the Traditional Textbook and Lecture method of teaching. This implies that students’ performances are largely dependent on the teaching methodologies of their teachers. In order to achieve the aim of the research, interventions were implemented to improve the performance of the First Year SHS students of Winneba Senior High School. A simple, attractive and easily understandable Interactive Learning System was developed using Microsoft PowerPoint. Again, to ensure that the problem has been sufficiently addressed, a post-intervention test was conducted and the results were presented. In conclusion, suggestions and recommendations have been made to develop and further enhance the perforíances of students of Senior High Schools in the study of Basic Design Elements.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Master of Arts in Art Education, 2011